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14                                SHIPPING PRACTICE

advise the merchant where to send the goods for shipment,
giving dock, and time when the vessel is receiving cargo.

The documents are then prepared, and the bills of lading
are made out by the merchant shipper. Reference to
Chapter V will enumerate the particulars required. Each
country differs in regard to information required in the bill
of lading, and the number of bills of lading necessary for
the set.   In addition, certificates of origin are sometimes,
demanded by the consular authorities. This is a certificate/
stating the country of origin of the goods shipped, an|
example of which is given ha the appendix.

Should the documents be made out by the shipping
agent, or shipping company, the merchant supplies an
invoice of the goods showing full particulars, from which
information the bOls of lading are compiled.
. The bills of lading are then handed to the shipping com-
pany who retain them until such time as the goods have
been returned from the docks. This return or tally is the
notification from the loading staff to the office staff that'
the goods have been received on board, or received for

The merchant then keeps hi constant touch with the
shipping company, and when he ascertains that his bills of
lading are awaiting collection, pay? freight and takes
delivery of his documents.

It is then the duty of the merchant to arrange that the
bill of lading is forwarded to his consignee.

When the goods are being forwarded to a branch office
the need for financial security is unnecessary, the merchant
encloses a bill of lading, certificate of origin (where neces-
sary) and invoice of goods giving details of costs, freight,
insurances, packing, and other charges, in an envelope

addressed to his consignee, and hands it to the shipping
company for inclusion in the steamer's bag, or ship's mail.

Should the tail of lading be made out in the name of a
specific consignee, it does not require to be endorsed, but

the merchant before being sent forward.